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Triumphal entry into Jerusalem: Beginning of the Passion Week
(Passover 30: from Palm Sunday to Wednesday)
On the Sunday before Passover (Palms Sunday) Jesus enters triumphantly into Jerusalem sitting on a donkey, among the acclamations of the crowds. For the second time, he drives out the merchants from the temple ; the priests ask him to rebuke the people, and Jesus answers: "if these were silent, the stones would cry out!". At dusk, he comes back to Bethany, to Lazarus' home.
Next day (Monday) he returns to Jerusalem ; during this excursion, he curses the barren fig tree and thereafter he again comes back to Bethany.
In the next morning (Tuesday) they find the withered fig. In the temple of Jerusalem he teaches and disputes with the priests. He tells the parable of the two sons and the parable of the wicked farmers. The pharisees and sadducees ask him about several questions: Is it lawful to pay taxes to Caesar?, Will the dead resurrect?, Which is the First Commandment?. Before the hostility of the pharisees, Jesus pronounces his last and harsh recrimination against the pharisees: ("Hypocrites! whitened tombs!")
After the episode of the widow's mite and the petition of the Greeks to see Jesus, he again announces his Passion ("unless a grain of wheat falls into the earth and dies...") and a voice is heard from the sky.
Afterwards Jesus pronounces the Eschatological Discourse, about the destruction of Jerusalem, the end of the world and Christ's return with glory. He keeps preaching in the temple, and tells the parable of the ten virgins, the parable of the talents and warns about the Final Judgement ("I was hungry, and you didn't give me food to eat...".
The chief priests plan to kill him; the next day (Wednesday) Judas consents to betray Jesus and they promise to give him thirty pieces of silver.
|21:8 A very great multitude spread their clothes on the road. Others cut branches from the trees, and spread them on the road.
21:9 The multitudes who went before him, and who followed kept shouting, "Hosanna to the son of David! Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord! Hosanna in the highest!"
21:10 When he had come into Jerusalem, all the city was stirred up, saying, "Who is this?"
21:11 The multitudes said, "This is the prophet, Jesus, from Nazareth of Galilee."
|11:8 Many spread their garments on the way, and others were cutting down branches from the trees, and spreading them on the road.
11:9 Those who went in front, and those who followed, cried out, "Hosanna! Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord!
11:10 Blessed is the kingdom of our father David that is coming in the name of the Lord! Hosanna in the highest!"
|19:36 As he went, they spread their cloaks in the way.
19:37 As he was now getting near, at the descent of the Mount of Olives, the whole multitude of the disciples began to rejoice and praise God with a loud voice for all the mighty works which they had seen,
19:38 saying, "Blessed is the King who comes in the name of the Lord! Peace in heaven, and glory in the highest!"
|12:12 On the next day a great multitude had come to the feast. When they heard that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem,
12:13 they took the branches of the palm trees, and went out to meet him, and cried out, "Hosanna! Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord, the King of Israel!"
12:14 Jesus, having found a young donkey, sat on it. As it is written,
12:15 "Don't be afraid, daughter of Zion. Behold, your King comes, sitting on a donkey's colt."
12:16 His disciples didn't understand these things at first, but when Jesus was glorified, then they remembered that these things were written about him, and that they had done these things to him.
12:17 The multitude therefore that was with him when he called Lazarus out of the tomb, and raised him from the dead, was testifying about it.
12:18 For this cause also the multitude went and met him, because they heard that he had done this sign.
12:19 The Pharisees therefore said among themselves, "See how you accomplish nothing. Behold, the world has gone after him."
|Second temple cleansing|
|21:12 Jesus entered into the temple of God, and drove out all of those who sold and bought in the temple, and overthrew the money-changers' tables and the seats of those who sold the doves.
21:13 He said to them, "It is written, 'My house shall be called a house of prayer,' but you have made it a den of robbers!"
|11:15 They came to Jerusalem, and Jesus entered into the temple, and began to throw out those who sold and those who bought in the temple, and overthrew the tables of the money-changers, and the seats of those who sold the doves.
11:16 He would not allow anyone to carry a container through the temple.
11:17 He taught, saying to them, "Isn't it written, 'My house will be called a house of prayer for all the nations?' But you have made it a den of robbers!"
|19:45 He entered into the temple, and began to drive out those who bought and sold in it,
19:46 saying to them, "It is written, 'My house is a house of prayer,' but you have made it a 'den of robbers'!"
|Miracles in the temple|
|21:14 The blind and the lame came to him in the temple, and he healed them.
|"If these were silent, the stones would cry out"|
|21:15 But when the chief priests and the scribes saw the wonderful things that he did, and the children who were crying in the temple and saying, "Hosanna to the son of David!" they were indignant,
21:16 and said to him, "Do you hear what these are saying?" Jesus said to them, "Yes. Did you never read, 'Out of the mouth of babes and nursing babies you have perfected praise?'"
|11:18 The chief priests and the scribes heard it, and sought how they might destroy him. For they feared him, because all the multitude was astonished at his teaching.
||19:39 Some of the Pharisees from the multitude said to him, "Teacher, rebuke your disciples!"
19:40 He answered them, "I tell you that if these were silent, the stones would cry out."
19:41 When he drew near, he saw the city and wept over it,
19:42 saying, "If you, even you, had known today the things which belong to your peace! But now, they are hidden from your eyes.
19:43 For the days will come on you, when your enemies will throw up a barricade against you, surround you, hem you in on every side,
19:44 and will dash you and your children within you to the ground. They will not leave in you one stone on another, because you didn't know the time of your visitation."
19:47 He was teaching daily in the temple, but the chief priests and the scribes and the leading men among the people sought to destroy him.
19:48 They couldn't find what they might do, for all the people hung on to every word that he said.
|Coming back to Bethany, at sunset|
|21:17 He left them, and went out of the city to Bethany, and lodged there.
||11:11 Jesus entered into the temple in Jerusalem. When he had looked around at everything, it being now evening, he went out to Bethany with the twelve.
|Another excursion to Jerusalem (Monday)|
|11:12 The next day, when they had come out from Bethany, he was hungry.
|Cursing the barren fig tree|
|21:18 Now in the morning, as he returned to the city, he was hungry.
21:19 Seeing a fig tree by the road, he came to it, and found nothing on it but leaves. He said to it, "Let there be no fruit from you forever!" Immediately the fig tree withered away.
|11:13 Seeing a fig tree afar off having leaves, he came to see if perhaps he might find anything on it. When he came to it, he found nothing but leaves, for it was not the season for figs.
11:14 Jesus told it, "May no one ever eat fruit from you again!" and his disciples heard it.
|Coming back to Bethany, at Monday evening|
|11:19 When evening came, he went out of the city.
|The withered fig (Tuesday)|
|21:20 When the disciples saw it, they marveled, saying, "How did the fig tree immediately wither away?"
||11:20 As they passed by in the morning, they saw the fig tree withered away from the roots.
11:21 Peter, remembering, said to him, "Rabbi, look! The fig tree which you cursed has withered away."
|Faith, praying and forgiving|
|21:21 Jesus answered them, "Most assuredly I tell you, if you have faith, and don't doubt, you will not only do what is done to the fig tree, but even if you told this mountain, 'Be taken up and cast into the sea,' it would be done.
21:22 All things, whatever you ask in prayer, believing, you will receive."
|11:22 Jesus answering said to them, "Have faith in God.
11:23 For most assuredly I tell you, whoever may tell this mountain, 'Be taken up and cast into the sea,' and doesn't doubt in his heart, but believes that what he says is happening; he shall have whatever he says.
11:24 Therefore I tell you, all things whatever you pray and ask for, believe that you receive them, and you shall have them.
11:25 Whenever you stand praying, forgive, if you have anything against anyone; so that your Father, who is in heaven, may also forgive you your transgressions.
11:26 But if you do not forgive, neither will your Father in heaven forgive your transgressions."
|Teaching and disputing at the temple|
|"Who gave you this authority?"|
|21:23 When he had come into the temple, the chief priests and the elders of the people came to him as he was teaching, and said, "By what authority do you do these things? Who gave you this authority?"
21:24 Jesus answered them, "I also will ask you one question, which if you tell me, I likewise will tell you by what authority I do these things.
21:25 The baptism of John, where was it from? From heaven or from men?" They reasoned with themselves, saying, "If we say, 'From heaven,' he will ask us, 'Why then did you not believe him?'
21:26 But if we say, 'From men,' we fear the multitude, for all hold John as a prophet."
21:27 They answered Jesus, and said, "We don't know." He also said to them, "Neither will I tell you by what authority I do these things.
|11:27 They came again to Jerusalem, and as he was walking in the temple, the chief priests, and the scribes, and the elders came to him,
11:28 and they began saying to him, "By what authority do you do these things? Or who gave you this authority to do these things?"
11:29 Jesus said to them, "I will ask you one question. Answer me, and I will tell you by what authority I do these things.
11:30 The baptism of John -- was it from heaven, or from men? Answer me."
11:31 They reasoned with themselves, saying, "If we should say, 'From heaven;' he will say, 'Why then did you not believe him?'
11:32 If we should say, 'From men'"--they feared the people, for all held John to really be a prophet.
11:33 They answered Jesus, "We don't know." Jesus said to them, "Neither do I tell you by what authority I do these things."
|20:1 It happened on one of those days, as he was teaching the people in the temple and preaching the gospel, that the priests and scribes came to him with the elders.
20:2 They asked him, "Tell us: by what authority do you do these things? Or who is giving you this authority?"
20:3 He answered them, "I also will ask you one question. Tell me:
20:4 the baptism of John, was it from heaven, or from men?"
20:5 They reasoned with themselves, saying, "If we say, 'From heaven,' he will say, 'Why didn't you believe him?'
20:6 But if we say, 'From men,' all the people will stone us, for they are persuaded that John was a prophet."
20:7 They answered that they didn't know where it was from.
20:8 Jesus said to them, "Neither will I tell you by what authority I do these things."
|Parable of the two sons|
|21:28 But what do you think? A man had two sons, and he came to the first, and said, 'Son, go work today in my vineyard.'
21:29 He answered, 'I will not,' but afterward he changed his mind, and went.
21:30 He came to the second, and said the same thing. He answered, 'I go, sir,' but he didn't go.
21:31 Which of the two did the will of his father?" They said to him, "The first." Jesus said to them, "Most assuredly I tell you that the tax collectors and the prostitutes are entering into the Kingdom of God before you.
21:32 For John came to you in the way of righteousness, and you didn't believe him, but the tax collectors and the prostitutes believed him. When you saw it, you didn't even repent afterward, that you might believe him.
|Parable of the wicked farmers|
|21:33 "Hear another parable. There was a man who was a master of a household, who planted a vineyard, set a hedge about it, dug a winepress in it, built a tower, leased it out to farmers, and went into another country.
21:34 When the season for the fruit drew near, he sent his servants to the farmers, to receive his fruit.
21:35 The farmers took his servants, beat one, killed another, and stoned another.
21:36 Again, he sent other servants more than the first: and they treated them the same way.
21:37 But afterward he sent to them his son, saying, 'They will respect my son.'
21:38 But the farmers, when they saw the son, said among themselves, 'This is the heir. Come, let's kill him, and seize his inheritance.'
21:39 So they took him, and threw him out of the vineyard, and killed him.
21:40 When therefore the lord of the vineyard comes, what will he do to those farmers?"
21:41 They told him, "He will miserably destroy those miserable men, and will lease out the vineyard to other farmers, who will give him the fruit in its season."
21:42 Jesus said to them, "Did you never read in the Scriptures, 'The stone which the builders rejected, The same was made the head of the corner. This was from the Lord. It is marvelous in our eyes?'
21:43 "Therefore I tell you, the Kingdom of God will be taken away from you, and will be given to a nation bringing forth its fruits.
21:44 He who falls on this stone will be broken to pieces, but on whoever it will fall, it will scatter him as dust."
|12:1 He began to speak to them in parables. "A man planted a vineyard, put a hedge around it, dug a pit for the winepress, built a tower, rented it out to a farmer, and went into another country.
12:2 When it was time, he sent a servant to the farmer to get from the farmer his share of the fruit of the vineyard.
12:3 They took him, beat him, and sent him away empty.
12:4 Again, he sent another servant to them; and they threw stones at him, wounded him in the head, and sent him away shamefully treated.
12:5 Again he sent another; and they killed him; and many others, beating some, and killing some.
12:6 Therefore still having one, his beloved son, he sent him last to them, saying, 'They will respect my son.'
12:7 But those farmers said among themselves, 'This is the heir. Come, let's kill him, and the inheritance will be ours.'
12:8 They took him, killed him, and cast him out of the vineyard.
12:9 What therefore will the lord of the vineyard do? He will come and destroy the farmers, and will give the vineyard to others.
12:10 Haven't you even read this Scripture: 'The stone which the builders rejected, The same was made the head of the corner.
12:11 This was from the Lord, It is marvelous in our eyes'?"
|20:9 He began to tell the people this parable. "A man planted a vineyard, and rented it out to some farmers, and went into another country for a long time.
20:10 At the proper season, he sent a servant to the farmers to collect his share of the fruit of the vineyard. But the farmers beat him, and sent him away empty.
20:11 He sent yet another servant, and they also beat him, and treated him shamefully, and sent him away empty.
20:12 He sent yet a third, and they also wounded him, and threw him out.
20:13 The lord of the vineyard said, 'What shall I do? I will send my beloved son. It may be that seeing him, they will respect him.'
20:14 "But when the farmers saw him, they reasoned among themselves, saying, 'This is the heir. Come, let's kill him, that the inheritance may be ours.'
20:15 They threw him out of the vineyard, and killed him. What therefore will the lord of the vineyard do to them?
20:16 He will come and destroy these farmers, and will give the vineyard to others." When they heard it, they said, "May it never be!"
20:17 But he looked at them, and said, "Then what is this that is written, 'The stone which the builders rejected, The same was made the chief cornerstone?'
20:18 "Everyone who falls on that stone will be broken to pieces, But it will crush whomever it falls on to dust."
|The priests try to seize him|
|21:45 When the chief priests and the Pharisees heard his parables, they perceived that he spoke about them.
21:46 When they sought to seize him, they feared the multitudes, because they considered him to be a prophet.
|12:12 They tried to seize him, but they feared the multitude; for they perceived that he spoke the parable against them. They left him, and went away.
||20:19 The chief priests and the scribes sought to lay hands on Him that very hour, but they feared the people--for they knew He had spoken this parable against them.
|Is it lawful to pay taxes to Caesar?|
|22:15 Then the Pharisees went and took counsel how they might entrap him in his talk.
22:16 They sent their disciples to him, along with the Herodians, saying, "Teacher, we know that you are honest, and teach the way of God in truth, no matter who you teach, for you aren't partial to anyone.
22:17 Tell us therefore, what do you think? Is it lawful to pay taxes to Caesar, or not?"
22:18 But Jesus perceived their wickedness, and said, "Why do you test me, you hypocrites?
22:19 Show me the tax money." They brought to him a denarius.
22:20 He asked them, "Whose is this image and inscription?"
22:21 They said to him, "Caesar's." Then he said to them, "Give therefore to Caesar the things that are Caesar's, and to God the things that are God's."
22:22 When they heard it, they marveled, and left him, and went away.
|12:13 They sent some of the Pharisees and of the Herodians to him, that they might trap him with words.
12:14 When they had come, they asked him, "Teacher, we know that you are honest, and don't defer to anyone; for you aren't partial to anyone, but truly teach the way of God. Is it lawful to pay taxes to Caesar, or not?
12:15 Shall we give, or shall we not give?" But he, knowing their hypocrisy, said to them, "Why do you test me? Bring me a denarius, that I may see it."
12:16 They brought it. He said to them, "Whose is this image and inscription?" They said to him, "Caesar's."
12:17 Jesus answered them, "Render to Caesar the things that are Caesar's, and to God the things that are God's." They marveled greatly at him.
|20:20 They watched him, and sent out spies, who pretended to be righteous, that they might trap him in something he said, so as to deliver him up to the power and authority of the governor.
20:21 They asked him, "Teacher, we know that you say and teach what is right, and aren't partial to anyone, but truly teach the way of God.
20:22 Is it lawful for us to pay taxes to Caesar, or not?"
20:23 But he perceived their craftiness, and said to them, "Why do you test me?
20:24 Show me a denarius. Whose image and inscription are on it?" They answered, "Caesar's."
20:25 He said to them, "Then give to Caesar the things that are Caesar's, and to God the things that are God's."
20:26 They weren't able to trap him in his words before the people. They marveled at his answer, and were silent.
|Resurrection of the dead: "not the God of the dead, but of the living"|
|22:23 On that day Sadducees (those who say that there is no resurrection) came to him. They asked him,
22:24 saying, "Teacher, Moses said, 'If a man dies, having no children, his brother shall marry his wife, and raise up seed for his brother.'
22:25 Now there were with us seven brothers. The first married and died, and having no seed left his wife to his brother.
22:26 In like manner the second also, and the third, to the seventh.
22:27 After them all, the woman died.
22:28 In the resurrection therefore, whose wife will she be of the seven? For they all had her."
22:29 But Jesus answered them, "You are mistaken, not knowing the Scriptures, nor the power of God.
22:30 For in the resurrection they neither marry, nor are given in marriage, but are like God's angels in heaven.
22:31 But concerning the resurrection of the dead, haven't you read that which was spoken to you by God, saying,
22:32 'I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob?' God is not the God of the dead, but of the living."
22:33 When the multitudes heard it, they were astonished at his teaching.
|12:18 There came to him Sadducees, who say that there is no resurrection. They asked him, saying,
12:19 "Teacher, Moses wrote to us, 'If a man's brother dies, and leaves a wife behind him, and leaves no children, that his brother should take his wife, and raise up offspring for his brother.'
12:20 There were seven brothers. The first took a wife, and dying left no offspring.
12:21 The second took her, and died, leaving no children behind him. The third likewise;
12:22 and the seven took her and left no children. Last of all the woman also died.
12:23 In the resurrection, when they rise, whose wife will she be of them? For the seven had her as a wife."
12:24 Jesus answered them, "Isn't this because you are mistaken, not knowing the Scriptures, nor the power of God?
12:25 For when they will rise from the dead, they neither marry, nor are given in marriage, but are like angels in heaven.
12:26 But about the dead, that they are raised; haven't you read in the book of Moses, about the Bush, how God spoke to him, saying, 'I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob?'
12:27 He is not the God of the dead, but of the living. You are therefore badly mistaken."
|20:27 Some of the Sadducees came to him, those who deny that there is a resurrection.
20:28 They asked him, "Teacher, Moses wrote to us that if a man's brother dies having a wife, and he is childless, his brother should take the wife, and raise up children for his brother.
20:29 There were therefore seven brothers. The first took a wife, and died childless.
20:30 The second took her as wife, and he died childless.
20:31 The third took her, and likewise the seven all left no children, and died.
20:32 Afterward the woman also died.
20:33 Therefore in the resurrection whose wife of them will she be? For the seven had her as a wife."
20:34 Jesus said to them, "The children of this age marry, and are given in marriage.
20:35 But those who are considered worthy to attain to that age and the resurrection from the dead, neither marry, nor are given in marriage.
20:36 For they can't die any more, for they are like the angels, and are children of God, being children of the resurrection.
20:37 But that the dead are raised, even Moses showed at the bush, when he called the Lord 'The God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.'
20:38 Now he is not the God of the dead, but of the living, for all are alive to him."
20:39 Some of the scribes answered, "Teacher, you speak well."
20:40 They didn't dare to ask him any more questions.
|Which is the greatest Commandment?: The commandments of love|
|22:34 But the Pharisees, when they heard that he had put the Sadducees to silence, gathered themselves together.
22:35 One of them, a lawyer, asked him a question, testing him.
22:36 "Teacher, which is the greatest commandment in the law?"
22:37 Jesus said to him, "'You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind.'
22:38 This is the first and great commandment.
22:39 A second likewise is this, 'You shall love your neighbor as yourself.'
22:40 The whole law and the prophets depend on these two commandments."
|12:28 One of the scribes came, and heard them questioning together. Knowing that he had answered them well, asked him, "Which commandment is the greatest of all?"
12:29 Jesus answered, "The greatest is, 'Hear, Israel, the Lord our God, the Lord is one:
12:30 you shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind, and with all your strength.' This is the first commandment.
12:31 The second is like this, 'You shall love your neighbor as yourself.' There is no other commandment greater than these."
12:32 The scribe said to him, "Truly, teacher, you have said well that he is one, and there is none other but he,
12:33 and to love him with all the heart, and with all the understanding, with all the soul, and with all the strength, and to love his neighbor as himself, is more important than all whole burnt offerings and sacrifices."
12:34 When Jesus saw that he answered wisely, he said to him, "You are not far from the Kingdom of God." No one dared ask him any question after that.
|Jesus questions the pharisees|
|22:41 Now while the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them a question,
22:42 saying, "What do you think of the Christ? Whose son is he?" They said to him, "Of David."
22:43 He said to them, "How then does David in the Spirit call him Lord, saying,
22:44 'The Lord said to my Lord, Sit on my right hand, Until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet?'
22:45 "If then David calls him Lord, how is he his son?"
22:46 No one was able to answer him a word, neither dared any man from that day forth ask him any more questions.
|12:35 Jesus responded, as he taught in the temple, "How is it that the scribes say that the Christ is the son of David?
12:36 For David himself said in the Holy Spirit, 'The Lord said to my Lord, Sit at my right hand, Until I make your enemies the footstool of your feet.'
12:37 Therefore David himself calls him Lord, so how can he be his son?" The common people heard him gladly.
|20:41 He said to them, "Why do they say that the Christ is David's son?
20:42 David himself says in the book of Psalms, 'The Lord said to my Lord, "Sit at my right hand,
20:43 Until I make your enemies the footstool of your feet."'
20:44 "David therefore calls him Lord, so how is he his son?"
|Last recrimination against the pharisees ""Hypocrites! Whitened tombs!"|
|23:1 Then Jesus spoke to the multitudes and to his disciples,
23:2 saying, "The scribes and the Pharisees sat on Moses' seat.
23:3 All things therefore whatever they tell you to observe, observe and do, but don't do their works; for they say, and don't do.
23:4 For they bind heavy burdens that are grievous to be borne, and lay them on men's shoulders; but they themselves will not lift a finger to help them.
23:5 But all their works they do to be seen by men. They make their phylacteries broad, enlarge the fringes of their garments,
23:6 and love the place of honor at feasts, the best seats in the synagogues,
23:7 the salutations in the marketplaces, and to be called 'Rabbi, Rabbi' by men.
23:8 But don't you be called 'Rabbi,' for one is your teacher, the Christ, and all of you are brothers.
23:9 Call no man on the earth your father, for one is your Father, he who is in heaven.
23:10 Neither be called masters, for one is your master, the Christ.
23:11 But he who is greatest among you will be your servant.
23:12 Whoever exalts himself will be humbled, and whoever humbles himself will be exalted.
23:13 "Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you devour widows' houses, and as a pretense you make long prayers. Therefore you will receive greater condemnation.
23:14 "But woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! Because you shut up the Kingdom of Heaven against men; for you don't enter in yourselves, neither do you allow those who are entering in to enter.
23:15 Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you travel around by sea and land to make one proselyte; and when he becomes one, you make him twice as much of a son of Gehenna as yourselves.
23:16 "Woe to you, you blind guides, who say, 'Whoever swears by the temple, it is nothing; but whoever swears by the gold of the temple, he is obligated.'
23:17 You blind fools! For which is greater, the gold, or the temple that sanctifies the gold?
23:18 'Whoever swears by the altar, it is nothing; but whoever swears by the gift that is on it, he is obligated.'
23:19 You blind fools! For which is greater, the gift, or the altar that sanctifies the gift?
23:20 He therefore who swears by the altar, swears by it, and by everything on it.
23:21 He who swears by the temple, swears by it, and by him who was living in it.
23:22 He who swears by heaven, swears by the throne of God, and by him who sits on it.
23:23 "Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you tithe mint, dill, and cumin, and have left undone the weightier matters of the law: justice, mercy, and faith. But you ought to have done these, and not to have left the other undone.
23:24 You blind guides, who strain out a gnat, and swallow a camel!
23:25 "Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you clean the outside of the cup and of the platter, but within they are full of extortion and unrighteousness.
23:26 You blind Pharisee, first clean the inside of the cup and of the platter, that the outside of it may become clean also.
23:27 "Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you are like whitened tombs, which outwardly appear beautiful, but inwardly are full of dead men's bones, and of all uncleanness.
23:28 Even so you also outwardly appear righteous to men, but inwardly you are full of hypocrisy and iniquity.
23:29 "Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you build the tombs of the prophets, and decorate the tombs of the righteous,
23:30 and say, 'If we had lived in the days of our fathers, we wouldn't have been partakers with them in the blood of the prophets.'
23:31 Therefore you testify to yourselves that you are children of those who killed the prophets.
23:32 Fill up, then, the measure of your fathers.
23:33 You serpents, you offspring of vipers, how will you escape the judgment of Gehenna?
23:34 Therefore, behold, I send to you prophets, wise men, and scribes. Some of them you will kill and crucify; and some of them you will scourge in your synagogues, and persecute from city to city;
23:35 that on you may come all the righteous blood shed on the earth, from the blood of righteous Abel to the blood of Zachariah son of Barachiah, whom you killed between the sanctuary and the altar.
23:36 Most assuredly I tell you, all these things will come upon this generation.
23:37 "Jerusalem, Jerusalem, who kills the prophets, and stones those who are sent to her! How often would I have gathered your children together, even as a hen gathers her chickens under her wings, and you would not!
23:38 Behold, your house is left to you desolate.
23:39 For I tell you, you will not see me from now on, until you say, 'Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord!'"
|12:38 In his teaching he said to them, "Beware of the scribes, who like to walk in long robes, and to get greetings in the marketplaces,
12:39 and the best seats in the synagogues, and the best places at feasts:
12:40 those who devour widows' houses, and for a pretense make long prayers. These will receive greater condemnation."
|20:45 In the hearing of all the people, he said to his disciples,
20:46 "Beware of the scribes, who like to walk in long robes, and love greetings in the marketplaces, the best seats in the synagogues, and the best places at feasts;
20:47 who devour widows' houses, and for a pretense make long prayers: these will receive greater condemnation."
|The widow's mite|
|12:41 Jesus sat down opposite the treasury, and saw how the multitude cast money into the treasury. Many who were rich cast in much.
12:42 A poor widow came, and she cast in two small brass coins, which equal a quadrans coin.
12:43 He called his disciples to himself, and said to them, "Most assuredly I tell you, this poor widow gave more than all those who are giving into the treasury,
12:44 for they all gave out of their abundance, but she, out of her poverty, gave all that she had to live on."
|21:1 He looked up, and saw the rich people who were putting their gifts into the treasury.
21:2 He saw a certain poor widow casting in two small brass coins.
21:3 He said, "Truly I tell you, this poor widow put in more than all of them,
21:4 for all these put in gifts for God from their abundance, but she, out of her poverty, put in all that she had to live on."
|The Greeks ask to see Jesus|
|12:20 Now there were certain Greeks among those that went up to worship at the feast.
12:21 These, therefore, came to Philip, who was from Bethsaida of Galilee, and asked him, saying, "Sir, we want to see Jesus."
12:22 Philip came and told Andrew, and in turn, Andrew came with Philip, and they told Jesus.
12:23 Jesus answered them, "The time has come for the Son of Man to be glorified.
|Jesus announces his Passion : "Unless the grain of wheat falls into the earth and dies...". A voice from the sky|
|12:24 Most assuredly I tell you, unless a grain of wheat falls into the earth and dies, it remains by itself alone. But if it dies, it bears much fruit.
12:25 He who loves his life will lose it. He who hates his life in this world will keep it to eternal life.
12:26 If anyone serves me, let him follow me. Where I am, there will my servant also be. If anyone serves me, the Father will honor him.
12:27 "Now my soul is troubled. What shall I say? 'Father, save me from this time?' But for this cause I came to this time.
12:28 Father, glorify your name!" Then there came a voice out of the sky, saying, "I have both glorified it, and will glorify it again."
12:29 The multitude therefore, who stood by and heard it, said that it had thundered. Others said, "An angel has spoken to him."
12:30 Jesus answered, "This voice hasn't come for my sake, but for your sakes.
12:31 Now is the judgment of this world. Now the prince of this world will be cast out.
12:32 And I, if I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all people to myself."
12:33 But he said this, signifying by what kind of death he should die.
12:34 The multitude answered him, "We have heard out of the law that the Christ remains forever. How do you say, 'The Son of Man must be lifted up?' Who is this Son of Man?"
12:35 Jesus therefore said to them, "Yet a little while the light is with you. Walk while you have the light, that darkness doesn't overtake you. He who walks in the darkness doesn't know where he is going.
12:36 While you have the light, believe in the light, that you may become children of light." Jesus said these things, and he departed and hid himself from them.
|The unbelief of the Jews|
|12:37 But though he had done so many signs before them, yet they didn't believe in him,
12:38 that the word of Isaiah the prophet might be fulfilled, which he spoke, "Lord, who has believed our report? To whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed?"
12:39 For this cause they couldn't believe, for Isaiah said again,
12:40 "He has blinded their eyes and he hardened their heart, Lest they should see with their eyes, And perceive with their heart, And would turn, And I would heal them."
12:41 Isaiah said these things when he saw his glory, and spoke of him.
12:42 Nevertheless even of the rulers many believed in him, but because of the Pharisees they didn't confess it, so that they wouldn't be put out of the synagogue,
12:43 for they loved men's praise more than God's praise.
12:44 Jesus cried out and said, "Whoever believes in me, believes not in me, but in him who sent me.
12:45 He who sees me sees him who sent me.
12:46 I have come as a light into the world, that whoever believes in me may not remain in the darkness.
12:47 If anyone listens to my sayings, and doesn't believe, I don't judge him. For I came not to judge the world, but to save the world.
12:48 He who rejects me, and doesn't receive my sayings, has one who judges him. The word that I spoke, the same will judge him in the last day.
12:49 For I spoke not from myself, but the Father who sent me, he gave me a commandment, what I should say, and what I should speak.
12:50 I know that his commandment is eternal life. The things therefore which I speak, even as the Father has said to me, so I speak."
|The Eschatological Discourse|
|a. There will not be left here one stone on another|
|24:1 Jesus went out from the temple, and was going on his way. His disciples came to him to show him the buildings of the temple.
24:2 But he answered them, "Don't you see all of these things? Most assuredly I tell you, there will not be left here one stone on another, that will not be thrown down."
|13:1 As he went out of the temple, one of his disciples said to him, "Teacher, see what kind of stones and what kind of buildings!"
13:2 Jesus said to him, "Do you see these great buildings? There will not be left here one stone on another, which will not be thrown down."
|21:5 As some were talking about the temple and how it was decorated with beautiful stones and gifts, he said,
21:6 "As for these things which you see, the days will come, in which there will not be left here one stone on another that will not be thrown down."
|b. Signs from heaven|
|24:3 As he sat on the Mount of Olives, the disciples came to him privately, saying, "Tell us, when will these things be? What is the sign of your coming, and of the end of the age?"
24:4 Jesus answered them, "Be careful that no one leads you astray.
24:5 For many will come in my name, saying, 'I am the Christ,' and will lead many astray.
24:6 You will hear of wars and rumors of wars. See that you aren't troubled, for all this must happen, but the end is not yet.
24:7 For nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom; and there will be famines, plagues, and earthquakes in various places.
24:8 But all these things are the beginning of birth pains.
|13:3 As he sat on the Mount of Olives opposite the temple, Peter, James, John, and Andrew asked him privately,
13:4 "Tell us, when will these things be? What is the sign that these things are all about to be fulfilled?"
13:5 Jesus, answering, began to tell them, "Be careful that no one leads you astray.
13:6 For many will come in my name, saying, 'I am he!' and will lead many astray.
13:7 "When you hear of wars and rumors of wars, don't be troubled. For those must happen, but the end is not yet.
13:8 For nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be earthquakes in various places. There will be famines and troubles. These things are the beginning of birth pains.
|21:7 They asked him, "Teacher, so when will these things be? What is the sign that these things are about to happen?"
21:8 He said, "Watch out that you don't get led astray, for many will come in my name, saying, 'I AM,' and, 'The time is at hand.' Therefore don't follow them.
21:9 When you hear of wars and disturbances, don't be terrified, for these things must happen first, but the end won't come immediately."
21:10 Then he said to them, "Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom.
21:11 There will be great earthquakes, famines, and plagues in various places. There will be terrors and great signs from heaven.
|c. Enduring the persecutions: "You will be hated for my name's sake"|
|10:17 But beware of men: for they will deliver you up to councils, and in their synagogues they will scourge you.
10:18 Yes, and you will be brought before governors and kings for my sake, for a testimony to them and to the Gentiles.
10:19 But when they deliver you up, don't be anxious how or what you will say, for it will be given you in that hour what you will say.
10:20 For it is not you who speak, but the Spirit of your Father who speaks in you.
10:21 "Brother will deliver up brother to death, and the father his child. Children will rise up against parents, and cause them to be put to death.
10:22 You will be hated by all men for my name's sake, but he who endures to the end will be saved.
10:23 But when they persecute you in this city, flee into the next, for most assuredly I tell you, you will not have gone through the cities of Israel, until the Son of Man has come.
24:9 Then they will deliver you up to oppression, and will kill you. You will be hated by all of the nations for my name's sake.
24:10 Then many will stumble, and will deliver up one another, and will hate one another.
24:11 Many false prophets will arise, and will lead many astray.
24:12 Because iniquity will be multiplied, the love of many will grow cold.
24:13 But he who endures to the end, the same will be saved.
24:14 This gospel of the kingdom will be preached in the whole world for a testimony to all the nations, and then the end will come.
|13:9 But watch yourselves, for they will deliver you up to councils. You will be beaten in synagogues. You will stand before rulers and kings for my sake, for a testimony to them.
13:10 The gospel must first be preached to all the nations.
13:11 When they lead you away and deliver you up, don't be anxious beforehand, or premeditate what you will say, but say whatever will be given you in that hour. For it is not you who speak, but the Holy Spirit.
13:12 "Brother will deliver up brother to death, and the father his child. Children will rise up against parents, and cause them to be put to death.
13:13 You will be hated by all men for my name's sake, but he who endures to the end, the same will be saved.
|21:12 But before all these things, they will lay their hands on you and will persecute you, delivering you up to synagogues and prisons, bringing you before kings and governors for my name's sake.
21:13 It will turn out as a testimony for you.
21:14 Settle it therefore in your hearts not to meditate beforehand how to answer,
21:15 for I will give you a mouth and wisdom which all your adversaries will not be able to withstand or to contradict.
21:16 You will be handed over even by parents, brothers, relatives, and friends. Some of you they will cause to be put to death.
21:17 You will be hated by all men for my name's sake.
21:18 And not a hair of your head will perish.
21:19 By your endurance you will win your lives.
|d. Signs of the ruin of Jerusalem|
|24:15 "When, therefore, you see the abomination of desolation, which was spoken of through Daniel the prophet, standing in the holy place (let the reader understand),
24:16 then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains.
24:17 Let him who is on the housetop not go down to take out things that are in his house.
24:18 Let him who is in the field not return back to get his clothes.
24:19 But woe to those who are with child and to nursing mothers in those days!
24:20 Pray that your flight will not be in the winter, nor on a Sabbath,
24:21 for then there will be great oppression, such as has not been from the beginning of the world until now, no, nor ever will be.
24:22 Unless those days had been shortened, no flesh would have been saved. But for the sake of the chosen ones, those days will be shortened.
|13:14 But when you see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing where it ought not (let the reader understand), then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains,
13:15 and let him who is on the housetop not go down, nor enter in, to take anything out of his house.
13:16 Let him who is in the field not return back to take his cloak.
13:17 But woe to those who are with child and to those who nurse babies in those days!
13:18 Pray that your flight won't be in the winter.
13:19 For in those days there will be oppression, such as there has not been the like from the beginning of the creation which God created until now, and never will be.
13:20 Unless the Lord had shortened the days, no flesh would have been saved; but for the sake of the chosen ones, whom he picked out, he shortened the days.
|21:20 "But when you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, then know that its desolation is at hand.
21:21 Then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains. Let those who are in the midst of her depart. Let those who are in the country not enter therein.
21:22 For these are days of vengeance, that all things which are written may be fulfilled.
21:23 Woe to those who are pregnant and to those who nurse infants in those days! For there will be great distress in the land, and wrath to this people.
21:24 They will fall by the edge of the sword, and will be led captive into all the nations. Jerusalem will be trampled down by the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled.
|e. Signs of Jesus' second coming: the false christs|
|24:23 "Then if any man tells you, 'Behold, here is the Christ,' or, 'There,' don't believe it.
24:24 For there will arise false christs, and false prophets, and they will show great signs and wonders, so as to lead astray, if possible, even the chosen ones.
24:25 "Behold, I have told you beforehand.
24:26 If therefore they tell you, 'Behold, he is in the wilderness,' don't go out; 'Behold, he is in the inner chambers,' don't believe it.
24:27 For as the lightning comes forth from the east, and is seen even to the west, so will be the coming of the Son of Man.
24:28 For wherever the carcass is, there will the vultures be gathered together.
|13:21 Then if anyone tells you, 'Look, here is the Christ!' or, 'Look, there!' don't believe it.
13:22 For there will arise false christs and false prophets, and will show signs and wonders, that they may lead astray, if possible, even the chosen ones.
13:23 But you watch. "Behold, I have told you all things beforehand.
|f. The day of the Son of Man|
|24:29 But immediately after the oppression of those days, the sun will be darkened, the moon will not give its light, the stars will fall from the sky, and the powers of the heavens will be shaken;
24:30 and then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in the sky. Then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of the sky with power and great glory.
24:31 He will send out his angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they will gather together his chosen ones from the four winds, from one end of the sky to the other.
|13:24 But in those days, after that oppression, the sun will be darkened, the moon will not give its light,
13:25 the stars will be falling from the sky, and the powers that are in the heavens will be shaken.
13:26 Then they will see the Son of Man coming in clouds with great power and glory.
13:27 Then he will send out his angels, and will gather together his chosen ones from the four winds, from the ends of the earth to the ends of the sky.
|21:25 There will be signs in the sun, moon, and stars; and on the earth anxiety of nations, in perplexity for the roaring of the sea and the waves;
21:26 men fainting for fear, and for expectation of the things which are coming on the world: for the powers of the heavens will be shaken.
21:27 Then they will see the Son of Man coming in a cloud with power and great glory.
21:28 But when these things begin to happen, look up, and lift up your heads, because your redemption is near."
|g. Parable of the fig|
|24:32 "Now from the fig tree learn this parable. When its branch has now become tender, and puts forth its leaves, you know that the summer is near.
24:33 Even so you also, when you see all these things, know that it is near, even at the doors.
24:34 Most assuredly I tell you, this generation will not pass away, until all these things are accomplished.
24:35 Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will not pass away.
|13:28 "Now from the fig tree, learn this parable. When the branch has now become tender, and puts forth its leaves, you know that the summer is near;
13:29 even so you also, when you see these things coming to pass, know that it is near, at the doors.
13:30 Most assuredly I say to you, this generation will not pass away until all these things happen.
13:31 Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will not pass away.
|21:29 He told them a parable. "See the fig tree, and all the trees.
21:30 When they are already budding, you see it and know by your own selves that the summer is already near.
21:31 Even so you also, when you see these things happening, know that the Kingdom of God is near.
21:32 Most assuredly I tell you, this generation will not pass away until all things are accomplished.
21:33 Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will by no means pass away.
|h. "No one knows of that day and hour"|
|24:36 But no one knows of that day and hour, not even the angels of heaven, but my Father only.
||13:32 But of that day or that hour no one knows, not even the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father.
|i. The sudden coming of the Son of Man|
|24:37 "As the days of Noah were, so will be the coming of the Son of Man.
24:38 For as in those days which were before the flood they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day that Noah entered into the ark,
24:39 and they didn't know until the flood came, and took them all away, so will be the coming of the Son of Man.
24:40 Then two men will be in the field: one will be taken and one will be left;
24:41 two women grinding at the mill, one will be taken and one will be left.
|j. To be watchful and righteous|
|21:34 "So be careful, or your hearts will be loaded down with carousing, drunkenness, and cares of this life, and that day will come on you suddenly.
21:35 For it will come like a snare on all those who dwell on the surface of all the earth.
21:36 Therefore be watchful all the time, asking that you may be counted worthy to escape all these things that will happen, and to stand before the Son of Man."
|Teaching at the temple|
|21:37 Every day Jesus was teaching in the temple, and every night he would go out and spend the night on the mountain that is called Olivet.
21:38 All the people came early in the morning to him in the temple to hear him.
|Parable of the ten virgins|
|25:1 "Then the Kingdom of Heaven will be like ten virgins, who took their lamps, and went out to meet the bridegroom.
25:2 Five of them were foolish, and five were wise.
25:3 Those who were foolish, when they took their lamps, took no oil with them,
25:4 but the wise took oil in their vessels with their lamps.
25:5 Now while the bridegroom delayed, they all slumbered and slept.
25:6 But at midnight there was a cry, 'Behold! The bridegroom is coming! Come out to meet him!'
25:7 Then all those virgins arose, and trimmed their lamps.
25:8 The foolish said to the wise, 'Give us some of your oil, for our lamps are going out.'
25:9 But the wise answered, saying, 'What if there isn't enough for us and you? You go rather to those who sell, and buy for yourselves.'
25:10 While they went away to buy, the bridegroom came, and those who were ready went in with him to the marriage feast, and the door was shut.
25:11 Afterward the other virgins also came, saying, 'Lord, Lord, open to us.'
25:12 But he answered, 'Most assuredly I tell you, I don't know you.'
25:13 Watch therefore, for you don't know the day nor the hour in which the Son of Man is coming.
|Parable of the talents|
|25:14 "For it is like a man, going into another country, who called his own servants, and entrusted his goods to them.
25:15 To one he gave five talents, to another two, to another one; to each according to his own ability. Then he went on his journey.
25:16 Immediately he who received the five talents went and traded with them, and made another five talents.
25:17 In like manner he also who got the two gained another two.
25:18 But he who received the one went away and dug in the earth, and hid his lord's money.
25:19 "Now after a long time the lord of those servants came, and reconciled accounts with them.
25:20 He who received the five talents came and brought another five talents, saying, 'Lord, you delivered to me five talents. Behold, I have gained another five talents besides them.'
25:21 "His lord said to him, 'Well done, good and faithful servant. You have been faithful over a few things, I will set you over many things. Enter into the joy of your lord.'
25:22 "He also who got the two talents came and said, 'Lord, you delivered to me two talents. Behold, I have gained another two talents besides them.'
25:23 "His lord said to him, 'Well done, good and faithful servant. You have been faithful over a few things, I will set you over many things. Enter into the joy of your lord.'
25:24 "He also who had received the one talent came and said, 'Lord, I knew you that you are a hard man, reaping where you did not sow, and gathering where you did not scatter.
25:25 I was afraid, and went away and hid your talent in the earth. Behold, you have what is yours.'
25:26 "But his lord answered him, 'You wicked and slothful servant. You knew that I reap where I didn't sow, and gather where I didn't scatter.
25:27 You ought therefore to have deposited my money with the bankers, and at my coming I should have received back my own with interest.
25:28 Take away therefore the talent from him, and give it to him who has the ten talents.
25:29 For to everyone who has will be given, and he will have abundance, but from him who has not, even that which he has will be taken away.
25:30 Throw out the unprofitable servant into the outer darkness, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.'
|The Final Judgement ("I was hungry, and you didn't give me food to eat..."|
|25:31 "But when the Son of Man comes in his glory, and all the holy angels with him, then he will sit on the throne of his glory.
25:32 Before him all the nations will be gathered, and he will separate them one from another, as a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats.
25:33 He will set the sheep on his right hand, but the goats on the left.
25:34 Then the King will tell those on his right hand, 'Come, blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world;
25:35 for I was hungry, and you gave me food to eat; I was thirsty, and you gave me drink; I was a stranger, and you took me in;
25:36 naked, and you clothed me; I was sick, and you visited me; I was in prison, and you came to me.'
25:37 "Then the righteous will answer him, saying, 'Lord, when did we see you hungry, and feed you; or thirsty, and give you a drink?
25:38 When did we see you as a stranger, and take you in; or naked, and clothe you?
25:39 When did we see you sick, or in prison, and come to you?'
25:40 "The King will answer them, 'Most assuredly I tell you, inasmuch as you did it to one of the least of these my brothers, you did it to me.'
25:41 Then he will say also to those on the left hand, 'Depart from me, you cursed, into the eternal fire which is prepared for the devil and his angels;
25:42 for I was hungry, and you didn't give me food to eat; I was thirsty, and you gave me no drink;
25:43 I was a stranger, and you didn't take me in; naked, and you didn't clothe me; sick, and in prison, and you didn't visit me.'
25:44 "Then they will also answer, saying, 'Lord, when did we see you hungry, or thirsty, or a stranger, or naked, or sick, or in prison, and didn't help you?'
25:45 "Then he will answer them, saying, 'Most assuredly I tell you, inasmuch as you didn't do it to one of the least of these, you didn't do it to me.'
25:46 These will go away into eternal punishment, but the righteous into eternal life."
|The chief priests decide to kill Jesus|
|26:1 It happened, when Jesus had finished all these words, that he said to his disciples,
26:2 "You know that after two days the Passover is coming, and the Son of Man will be delivered up to be crucified."
26:3 Then the chief priests, the scribes, and the elders of the people were gathered together in the court of the high priest, who was called Caiaphas.
26:4 They took counsel together that they might take Jesus by deceit, and kill him.
26:5 But they said, "Not during the feast, lest a riot occur among the people."
|14:1 It was now two days before the feast of the Passover and the unleavened bread, and the chief priests and the scribes sought how they might sieze him by deception, and kill him.
14:2 For they said, "Not during the feast, because there might be a riot of the people."
|22:1 Now the feast of unleavened bread, which is called the Passover, drew near.
22:2 The chief priests and the scribes sought how they might put him to death, for they feared the people.
|Judas consents to betray Jesus (Wednesday)|
|26:14 Then one of the twelve, who was called Judas Iscariot, went to the chief priests,
26:15 and said, "What are you willing to give me, that I should deliver him to you?" They weighed out for him thirty pieces of silver.
26:16 From that time he sought opportunity to betray him.
|14:10 Judas Iscariot, who was one of the twelve, went away to the chief priests, that he might deliver him to them.
14:11 They, when they heard it, were glad, and promised to give him money. He sought how he might conveniently deliver him.
|22:3 Satan entered into Judas, who was surnamed Iscariot, who was numbered with the twelve.
22:4 He went away, and talked with the chief priests and captains about how he might deliver him to them.
22:5 They were glad, and agreed to give him money.
22:6 He consented, and sought an opportunity to deliver him to them in the absence of the multitude.
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Hernán J. González
Buenos Aires, Argentina - March 2001
Last revision: 08/09/2001